Retina and Vitreous

The retina is the light-sensitive “wallpaper” lining the inside of the eye. The vitreous is the clear jelly-like material which fills most of the eye. Both can develop problems and undergo age-related changes giving rise to symptoms.

Common symptoms you may experience which arise from the retina and vitreous may be blurring of vision, distortion of the vision, floaters, flashes of light and curtains or shadows.

We can help to diagnose problems and deliver expert treatments for conditions of the retina and vitreous, such as:

Flashes and floaters
Posterior vitreous detachment
Retinal breaks
Macular holes
Epiretinal membranes
Vitreomacular traction
Retinal detachments
Vitreous haemorrhage
Diabetic retinopathy
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
Sub-macular haemorrhage
Retinal vein and artery occlusion

The treatments available include:

Intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents and steroids
Vitrectomy surgery (including ERM and ILM peeling, removal of floaters, washout of vitreous haemorrhage, diabetic delamination)
Scleral buckling
Pneumatic displacement of sub-retinal haemorrhage
Retinal laser treatment – pan-retinal and sector photocoagulation, retinopexy

Cataract and Intra-Ocular Lenses

A cataract is the clouding of the natural lens of the eye. Occasionally, people can be born with cataracts or develop them due to eye injury, however most commonly they develop due to advancing age. Cataract growth is accelerated by increased lifetime exposure to UV light from sunlight as well as diet and lifestyle factors. Some general health and other eye conditions can also promote cataract development.

The lens is suspended inside the eye on fine “strings” called zonules and surrounded by a clear “skin” called the capsule. In typical cataract surgery, we would use “keyhole” microincision techniques to make an opening in the capsule, remove the cloudy lens using fine ultrasound and implant a new plastic lens inside the capsule. The procedure takes around 20 minutes and the vision is restored. 

Occasionally, in some rarer cases of cataract, in advanced cases or in complicated scenarios involving eyes with other problems, a different tailored approach may be required. It is important to have a comprehensive assessment and discussion with your surgeon regarding your options.

Sometimes, it is not possible to use the standard technique to implant a new lens or a previously implanted lens may have moved or become dislocated. In these cases, a lens removal or exchange may be needed. We are happy to consult with you on these problems and find the best solution for each individual patient. We offer a number of secondary lens implant options, including anterior chamber lenses, iris-fixated Artisan lenses and scleral sutured implants.

We also offer Yag laser capsulotomy treatment for patients who have developed posterior capsular opacity following cataract surgery. 

Urgent and General Ophthalmology

We are happy to offer reviews for urgent eye problems. Common problems and symptoms you may encounter include:

Red eye
Corneal abrasions
Contact lens related infections (keratitis)
Uveitis and inflammation
Sudden visual loss
Flashes and floaters